Mahler Symphony No. 1 (Titan) – Viola Part
Edited by Joseph de Pasquale
Title: Symphony No. 1
Composer: Gustav Mahler
Edited By: Joseph de Pasquale
The viola part for Mahler's Symphony No. 1 in D major (nicknamed the Titan Symphony) has been edited by Joseph de Pasquale, a legendary violist who studied and collaborated with some of the greatest musicians of the 20th century, as well as held the position of principal viola in the Philadelphia Orchestra from 1964 until his retirement in 1996. Mr. de Pasquale's bowings, fingerings and other editorial markings have been added throughout the score.
Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 1 was composed mainly between late 1887 and March 1888. The name Titan Symphony has stuck due to modern performances and recordings, even though Mahler himself only used this label for two early performances before it had reached its final compositional form. The First Symphony incorporates music Mahler had composed for previous works. It was not well received at its initial Budapest première in 1889, prompting Mahler to make major revisions. It would not reach its definitive four-movement form until 1896. The symphony opens with a slow introduction, minimalist in nature, that transitions into a modified sonata form first movement. The second movement is a scherzo and trio based on a Ländler, a traditional Austrian waltz, which is followed by a slower funeral march third movement. The Titan Symphony concludes with an expansive finale that brings back musical elements from the first movement, thereby serving to unify the entire work.
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